Dict Cc Dictionary
Dict Cc Dictionary
Pleasure at one other’s happiness is described by the Buddhist idea of mudita or the concept of “compersion” within the polyamory neighborhood. A related idea is the Hebrew slang term firgun, happiness at another’s accomplishment. “Morose delectation” , meaning “the behavior of dwelling with enjoyment on evil thoughts”, was considered by the medieval church to be a sin.
The epikhairekakos (ἐπιχαιρέκακος) person takes pleasure in one other’s unwell fortune. In East Asia, the emotion of feeling pleasure from seeing the hardship of others appeared as early as late 4th century BCE. Specifically, xing zai le huo (幸災樂禍 in Chinese) first appeared separately as xing zai (幸災), meaning the sensation of pleasure from seeing the hardship of others, and le huo (樂禍), which means the happiness derived from the unlucky state of affairs of others, in an ancient Chinese text Zuo zhuan (左傳). The phrase xing zai le huo (幸災樂禍) is still used among Chinese audio system. Justice-based mostly schadenfreude comes from seeing that habits seen as immoral or “dangerous” is punished. It is the pleasure associated with seeing a “bad” particular person being harmed or receiving retribution.
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A New York Times article in 2002 cited numerous scientific studies of schadenfreude, which it defined as “delighting in others’ misfortune”. Many such studies are based on social comparison theory, the concept when individuals round us have unhealthy luck, we look higher to ourselves. Other researchers have discovered that folks with low self-esteem usually tend to feel schadenfreude than are those who have excessive vanity. Sadism provides pleasure via the infliction of pain, whereas schadenfreude is pleasure on observing misfortune and in particular, the fact that the opposite by some means deserved the misfortune. “Tall poppy syndrome” is a cultural phenomenon the place folks of high standing are resented, attacked, reduce down, or criticized as a result of they’ve been classified as better than their peers.
They say that it’s from Greek epi, upon, plus chara, pleasure, and kakon, evil. It’s recorded in several old works, including Nathan Bailey’s An Universal Etymological English Dictionary of 1721, although within the spelling epicharikaky. It is recorded even earlier in the original Greek spelling in Robert Burton’s The Anatomy of Melancholy of 1621.
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In German, the word all the time has a adverse connotation. A distinction exists between “secret schadenfreude” and “open schadenfreude” (Hohn, a German word roughly translated as “scorn”) which is outright public derision. The word is not OED as listed term being outlined — but it’s in considered one of there pattern quotes for another word. Here’s their first quotation for ‘shadenfeude’, from 1852; the quotation additionally makes use of ‘epicaricacy’, spelling it in greek letters. The word appears in many of the editions of Nathaniel Bailey’s dictionary.